Family Class Sponsorship
If you are a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident, age 18 or over, you can sponsor certain family members to become permanent residents of Canada. Under section 117 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations(IRPR), the list of persons who may be sponsored includes the following.
Spouses, Common-Law Partners and conjugal partners
Children intended for adoption
Parents, Grandparents and their dependent children
Brothers, sisters, nephews, nieces and grandchildren who are orphaned, who are under 18, and who are not a spouse or common-law partner; and
any relative, if the sponsor is alone in Canada without family members and has none of the above family members to sponsor
All sponsors are required to sign an undertaking to provide the sponsored person with the basic requirements from the day they enter Canada until the term of the undertaking terminates. The undertaking is a contract between the sponsor(s) and IRCC that the sponsor will repay the government for any social assistance payments made to the sponsored person. Sponsors remain obligated to the undertaking agreement for the entire period of the contract, even in a change of circumstances such as marital breakdown, separation, divorce, or a financial change in circumstances.
In the case of a spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner, a sponsor is required to sign an undertaking to reimburse the federal or provincial governments from the date in which they become a permanent resident for the period of three years.
In the case of a child under the age of 19 years, of the sponsor or the spouse, common-law partner, or conjugal partner, the obligation commences on the day that the child becomes a permanent resident of Canada for the period of 10 years or until the child reaches the age of 25 years, whichever is earlier.
In the case of a dependent child over the age of 19 years, of the sponsor or the spouse, common-law partner, or conjugal partner, the obligation commences on the day that the dependent child becomes a permanent resident, for a period of three years.
In the case of parents and grandparents, the sponsorship obligation extends for a period of 20 years from the date in which the member of the family class becomes a permanent resident. For all other family members, the obligation is of a duration of 10 years.
Generally, sponsors must show that they have the financial means to provide for all their family members, including those already residing in Canada and those residing in Canada and those they intend to sponsor.
The income threshold to sponsored is measured by the low income cut off annually published by Statistics Canada. Please refer to the most recent LICO table to verify if you meet the minimum income cut off for sponsorship. Spouses, common law, or congugal partners, dependent children are exempt from financial obligations for sponsorship.